This was observed with the naked eye. The quarried stone was abandoned before it was finished. . google_ad_type = "text"; The poor workmanship shows the men who removed some of the stone from the hill did not have any real knowledge or experience with stone quarrying. While initially, normal rocks found in water bodies were used for the purpose, these days, fancy stones with engraved markings of messages such … Rocks were also considered Wakan among the Lakota, being that they are very hard to understand. Furthermore, there is evidence that other stone quarrying and shaping methods like fire, pecking, and abrading were also employed at the site. It is an ideal worry or rubbing stone for soothing the nerves and restoring balance. Feldman, Mark1977 The Mystery Hill Story. The second is a small rectangular shaped stone with a short top knob and a long slanted side. The flakes were removed from the face to create a flat surface. The edges and surface were abraded. Boston: Brandon Books.Quimby, George1971 Indian life in the Upper Great Lakes 11,000 B.C. Test conducted by GEOCHRON LABAORATORIES (Sample No. Mid-19th century commercial quarries routinely blasted this type of poor quality surface granite away to get at the better quality stone deeper in the bedrock. Today, most worry stones sold in shops are polished with machines or a tumbler. Worry stones may have originated in Greece as Palm Stones. Is it possible the small drains and basins were some kind of offering feature that used water as an offering instead of food or tobacco which is common today? (Stewart-Smith 1989, 8) He also stated, “Several stones in the central site have been quarried and dressed in this manner [percussion method].” Stewart-Smith’s research indicates the quarrying activity was quite extensive. She has also received training and experience as a nurse aide. He noted on his map all of the perimeter standing stones including the alignment stones were shaped by the Native American stone masons (Stewart-Smith 1989, 8-9). Worry stones are similar to Komboloi, or worry beads used in Greece. The indentations appear to be guides for the layout and depth. It has a rough pecked surface. Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: basic Native Americans kept stones in sacred bundles, and the stones were believed to hold the power to heal. Boston: Meador Publishing Company.Goudsward, David2003 America’s Stonehenge: The Mystery Hill Story from Ice Age to Stone Age. to A.D. 1800. Stone Replica Arrowhead Adorned with a feather and stone. After this stone was quarried and shaped, its surface and edges were abraded to a smooth finish. Percussion Method used to Quarry Large Stones, A large quarried stone was found north of the central site. They are believed to be originated in ancient Greece. Key to stone medicine wheel: Creator - Center of life, the Medicine Wheel itself. However, various other places including Tibet and Ireland are also linked with their origin. These stones were passed to each generation as a link to their ancestors. Dream Catchers are a spiritual tool used to help assure good dreams to those that sleep under them. This results in the creation of small closely spaced depressions. Today, there are the rosary beads used in Catholicism and mala beads used in Buddhism. On the top edge of its eastern face there are a series of five 19th century quarry drill marks. They often have much intricate work and various types of inlay. Totem Worry Stone Nature's spirit stones are created by carving a variety of animal totem images and selected symbols into gemstones to unite the healing properties of the stones with the inherent power of these symbols. The shovel Whittall found appears to have a semi-worn bottom whereas the example Goodwin found is fresh with crisp flake marks on the bottom. Several man-made features at the site have evidence of the abrading method. Larger worry stones may be called palm stones, and look like the oval-shaped rocks used for stone massage. Under this slab is a second large slab with trapezoid shaped holes. There is evidence which indicates the Native Americans did more than quarry large stones using the percussion method. Figure 11A – A close-up photograph of the abraded slot. Stone tools have been found in Arabia which were used 8,000 years and are unlike anything else found from the region at this time. Failing to find a buyer, they never returned for the other two pieces embedded in the wall. Pecking and abrading were used to create small short grooves and basins carved into the bedrock and into stone slabs. Three inches below the exit point is a stone plate. Figure 15 – Summer solstice sunrise as viewed from basin & groove feature. It is clear the workmen removed the split off portions of the stone slabs from the site and possibly one or two more. (Whittall 1969a, 80) In 1970, Whittall published a photograph of some artifacts from the site. (2 Most cultures or religions have something similar to worry stones that are used to soothe away negativity and worry in either affirmations or prayer. On the opposite west side the depression narrows as it connects with an L shaped corner on the edge of the capstone. At one edge there is a natural rough depression to which the groove is integrated. The stone pendant carved in the shape of the summer solstice sunrise alignment stone demonstrates a potential direct link between a Native American artifact and one of the quarried stones on the site. Figure 4 – Native American stone and bone pendants found at America’s Stonehenge. The stone pendant has a shape similar to the Summer Solstice Sunrise alignment stone (fig. A map (compiled by W.E. The exposed front edge of the west end is flat. The groove has a few rough spots indicating it may have been pecked out and then abraded smooth. It is a versatile aid for self-calming and meditation. According to the National Congress of American Indians, more than 60 percent of Native people vote Democratic. It has a rough finish in comparison to the smoother finish of the basin. As for the purpose of these activities, Hume’s hypothesis that Mystery Hill was potentially a place for Native American ceremonies is intriguing and deserves further consideration. A dream catcher is usually placed over a place you would sleep where the morning light can hit it. Is it possible they have some kind of Native American ritual or ceremonial purpose? Such an investment of resources indicates this activity was purposeful. This would suggest it was therefore an integral part of the Tall Wall’s original construction and design. The pecking method uses a hammer stone or stone pick to repeatedly hit the surface of another stone to fracture away small pieces of the surface. google_ad_client = "pub-9572956294372575"; These features have no obvious utilitarian function and may be ceremonial offering features similar to the Masphee offering baskets. Father Sun - Warms life, source of energy and light. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Stewart-Smith, David1989 Ancient and Modern Quarry Techniques. A short, narrow, shallow pecked groove on the west end creates a channel from the perimeter groove out to the edge of the stone slab. google_color_text = "000000"; To our astonishment, however, we found that the stone did not rest on the ground for support but on four low pillars of sectional stone legs directly on level bedrock! In a conversation (personal communication February 2010), Dennis Stone (owner of the site) told the author the pendants were found on site but did not say where. Worry stones may be as small as a thumbprint or as large as the palm of your hand. A second C14 date places the Native Americans at the site quarrying stone circa 2100 years ago. (And yes, he’s Native American — Lakota on his father’s side. The Worry Stone is three tales woven together, the way human lives are connected despite distance and time. He explained that Little People lived in the woods and along the beaches and that in early times it was customary for groups going out to gather food plants, herbs for medicine, fishing, or hunting, to put some corn bread and meat in a small basket and leave it for the Little People. It is located on top of a capstone over a covered drain. The proper way to split a slab that is over 5 feet long using trapezoid shaped holes was to place holes every 4 inches across the whole length. The technique was also used to shape smaller Native American tools and artifacts. The stones quarried and shaped using the percussion, fire, pecking, and abrading methods attest to the fact the Native American activities at the site went far beyond a mere hunting camp. The slab is correctly oriented within the wall. Quartz was believed to have the ability to absorb negativity. The cape chisel uses a back and forth cutting method rather than a rotational method. The groove extends to the edge of the stone slab. [Melody, 345][Hall 156-157][Hall En, 44] Red Jasper is marvelous for clearing the mind during meditation, prayer or … The beads were used to say prayers by rubbing them between the fingers. It would be easily overwhelmed in a rain storm. They made stone shovel like tools using the same percussion method as used to quarry the large stones. During an excavation behind the Collapsed Chamber, he recovered, “Broken stone picks, a hammer-stone and a stone hand shovel. A solid case can be made that the slot is in its original position. We have Arrowheads, Gemstone Beads, Pendulums, Rune Sets, Spheres, Pyramids,Agate Stones All types of … The interview excerpt was quoted in Dr. David Stewart-Smith’s monograph Ancient and Modern Quarry Techniques. Figure 11 – The north end of the Tall Wall structure showing the abraded slot. It has a teardrop shape which was smoothed by rubbing (abraded). The sun’s full disk rose directly over the lower corner in a precise manner. Grooved Circle: 16½” diameter to outside of circle, width of groove averages 1½”. turned around) the abraded slot would be inside the wall and not visible. Worry stones are a form of de-stressing stone that work towards relaxing your troubled mind when you rub them with your thumb. It generally results in a smooth surface. Figure 4 – Native American stone and bone pendants found at America’s Stonehenge. Shop Cameron Trading Post online and get great deals on authentic Native American gifts, including jewelry, art, rugs, baskets, kachina dolls, and more. 13). The Fredonian Rebellion (December 21, 1826 – January 23, 1827) was the first attempt by Anglo settlers in Texas to secede from Mexico. The stone slab below it was also quarried but with a different technique. Native American Indian carved stone fetishes made from rarer (sometimes more expensive) stones like white marble, amber or animal (deer or elk) antler often become collectibles. It was moved 10 inches and propped up 9 inches with a rectangular granite block. Discover (and save!) One large concoidal flake and hundreds of smaller “dressing flakes” were removed from the underside face. `The marks are unmistakable,’ says Gary Hume.” During an interview for the local PBS program, New Hampshire Crossroads, Hume made a comment about Native American’s possible usage of the site. The groove is a full circle. These are Native American created features. We obtained a dating of 2995 years B.P. It is known that Goodwin’s crew rebuilt portions of this wall. The pendants and stone shovel like artifacts are a few of the many Native American cultural items unearthed at Mystery Hill. The evaluation of the percussion, pecking, abrading, and fire methods used to quarry and shape stones at the America’s Stonehenge site has proven a valuable tool for analyzing the archaeological features at this site. Both Hume and Stewart-Smith agree the Native Americans quarried stone on Mystery Hill. Figure 14 – In the foreground is a pecked groove and basin feature 35 feet away from the summer solstice sunrise standing stone. Stone Slab:            8’ 5” long x 6’ 3” wide x 10” thick (average)                           Height off bedrock 2’ 6” on west end and 2’ 11” on east end                           (As measured to the top of slab) Perimeter Groove: Layout is approximately 4’ 2” wide x 6’ long (overall)                           Width of the groove varies from 2” to 5”                           Depth of the groove varies from 1” to 1 ½”Short Groove:      (Spout) 10” long x 3” wide. The Summer Solstice Sunset alignment stone has a peak with two rounded shoulders. The shovel has matching, pecked shallow side-notching for handholds and the working edge has wear-polish.” (Reported in Glynn 1967, 56) During an excavation at the Watch House Chamber, Whittall uncovered, “an excellent stone hoe eleven inches long.” He was uncertain whether the stone implement was a shovel or hoe. GX-2029) resulted in a radiocarbon C-14 date of 2120 +/- 95 years B.P.” (Whittall 1971, 19). The settlers, led by Empresario Haden Edwards, declared independence from Mexican Texas and created the Republic of Fredonia near Nacogdoches. See disclaimer. The rectangular depression has a squared-off end on its east side. His crew would have positioned them vertically one directly over the other creating a flat face rather than having the lower one jut out. This was located 23 inches below ground level in a leached yellow soil profile. It was too difficult to get this close (within an inch or so) and still properly rotate a drill with one’s hand around the drill. These patterns are not by coincidence as Stewart-Smith pointed out. Furthermore, pendants in general are associated with ceremonialism in the Native American culture. So we removed all the fine particled humus from beneath this flat table and sifted it. He had this to say: “The entire site at Mystery Hill indicates an admirable expertise with stone, from quarrying to building. Native Americans have a long history of exclusion from voting, with the U.S. government depriving them of citizenship until 1924. Stewart-Smith is a Master Stone Mason and has a Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Studies consisting of archaeology, anthropology and history. Neither the basin nor the groove has an exit point. The stone slab has a rectangular shape overall. This feature is the optimum viewing position for observing the sunrise over the lower top corner of the standing stone on the solstice. your own Pins on Pinterest Ancient Sculpture (Goudwards 2003, 60) The stone slab was split using drilled round holes and the plug and feather method of splitting. The peripheral stones are shaped in this manner and several of the roof slabs and uprights within the central site have also been quarried and shaped in this manner. Hinton Jr. & Stewart-Smith and based upon a survey map of Charles Pearson) of the stone walls surrounding the central site, shows that most of the standing stones, upright and fallen, were worked by Native Americans. Insert: Native American stone pendant similar in shape to the standing stone. Dec 28, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Kermit. Nashua, NH: Gamemasters Publishers Assn.Whittall, James II1969 “2995 B.P. Any liquid such as water poured into either was contained within the feature. In ancient times, worry stones were polished in nature from being washed up by the ocean or river. Felipe Rose, the Indian Chief back in the day, is not having it. What was the purpose of these three features? Earth Mother - Gives us our home, and lives. The tool marks indicate that slab once projected outward from the wall an unknown distance, was split off, and removed. The white arrow points to a large pointed worked standing stone similar to the one excavated by Dr. David Stewart-Smith. Stones Used in Native American Indian Jewelry "Native American Jewelry is most often associated with blue and green turquoise, but Indian craftsmen have been using stones and shells in bracelets, necklaces, earrings, rings and other hand made jewelry for a very long time. This type of analysis could provide a new scientifically based diagnostic tool for evaluating stone slabs used for chamber roof stones and standing stones found at other controversial stone structure sites throughout northeastern United States. The drain is 15 inches long and the width starts out as ½ inch wide and widens to 3 inches as it connects with the basin. So it is not surprising to see a pendant with a similar shape to another stone on the premises. Figure 8 – Close-up showing the pecked perimeter groove on the Grooved Stone. It leans against the Ramp’s front wall and is shown in a photograph (fig.1) with William Goodwin standing beside the Grooved Stone in his book The Ruins of Great Ireland in New England. In the east side perimeter stone wall there is a standing stone that stands out due to its smooth surfaces. The waterfall drain is not much longer at 15 inches. The working of a great many stones represented a large investment of time and resources. The two slabs still retain this slightly offset position with the lower slab jutting out an inch or so. Figure 10 – Crescent shaped groove which was smoothed using the abrading method. google_ad_width = 728; There is one type of item that predates the existence fidget spinners - it’s called the worry stone. Stone slab with slot: 11” thick x 5’ 5” long x 4’ 5” wideHeight to bottom of slab above bedrock: 3’ 6”Slot: 11” high x 8” wide x 2½” deep. A far more detailed study by qualified experts is needed to establish the full extent of how many of the stones used in the  structures were quarried using Native American stone working techniques. The short height of the drop off prevents this drain from having a useful utilitarian purpose.