This was observed with the naked eye. The quarried stone was abandoned before it was finished. . google_ad_type = "text";
These features have no obvious utilitarian function and may be ceremonial offering features similar to the Masphee offering baskets. Father Sun - Warms life, source of energy and light. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Stewart-Smith, David1989 Ancient and Modern Quarry Techniques. A short, narrow, shallow pecked groove on the west end creates a channel from the perimeter groove out to the edge of the stone slab. google_color_text = "000000";
To our astonishment, however, we found that the stone did not rest on the ground for support but on four low pillars of sectional stone legs directly on level bedrock! In a conversation (personal communication February 2010), Dennis Stone (owner of the site) told the author the pendants were found on site but did not say where. Worry stones may be as small as a thumbprint or as large as the palm of your hand. A second C14 date places the Native Americans at the site quarrying stone circa 2100 years ago. (And yes, he’s Native American — Lakota on his father’s side. The Worry Stone is three tales woven together, the way human lives are connected despite distance and time. He explained that Little People lived in the woods and along the beaches and that in early times it was customary for groups going out to gather food plants, herbs for medicine, fishing, or hunting, to put some corn bread and meat in a small basket and leave it for the Little People. It is located on top of a capstone over a covered drain. The proper way to split a slab that is over 5 feet long using trapezoid shaped holes was to place holes every 4 inches across the whole length. The technique was also used to shape smaller Native American tools and artifacts. The stones quarried and shaped using the percussion, fire, pecking, and abrading methods attest to the fact the Native American activities at the site went far beyond a mere hunting camp. The slab is correctly oriented within the wall. Quartz was believed to have the ability to absorb negativity. The cape chisel uses a back and forth cutting method rather than a rotational method. The groove extends to the edge of the stone slab. [Melody, 345][Hall 156-157][Hall En, 44] Red Jasper is marvelous for clearing the mind during meditation, prayer or … The beads were used to say prayers by rubbing them between the fingers. It would be easily overwhelmed in a rain storm. They made stone shovel like tools using the same percussion method as used to quarry the large stones. During an excavation behind the Collapsed Chamber, he recovered, Broken stone picks, a hammer-stone and a stone hand shovel. A solid case can be made that the slot is in its original position. We have Arrowheads, Gemstone Beads, Pendulums, Rune Sets, Spheres, Pyramids,Agate Stones All types of … The interview excerpt was quoted in Dr. David Stewart-Smiths monograph Ancient and Modern Quarry Techniques. Figure 11 The north end of the Tall Wall structure showing the abraded slot. It has a teardrop shape which was smoothed by rubbing (abraded). The suns full disk rose directly over the lower corner in a precise manner. Grooved Circle: 16½ diameter to outside of circle, width of groove averages 1½. turned around) the abraded slot would be inside the wall and not visible. Worry stones are a form of de-stressing stone that work towards relaxing your troubled mind when you rub them with your thumb. It generally results in a smooth surface. Figure 4 Native American stone and bone pendants found at Americas Stonehenge. Shop Cameron Trading Post online and get great deals on authentic Native American gifts, including jewelry, art, rugs, baskets, kachina dolls, and more. 13). The Fredonian Rebellion (December 21, 1826 – January 23, 1827) was the first attempt by Anglo settlers in Texas to secede from Mexico. The stone slab below it was also quarried but with a different technique. Native American Indian carved stone fetishes made from rarer (sometimes more expensive) stones like white marble, amber or animal (deer or elk) antler often become collectibles. It was moved 10 inches and propped up 9 inches with a rectangular granite block. Discover (and save!) One large concoidal flake and hundreds of smaller dressing flakes were removed from the underside face. `The marks are unmistakable, says Gary Hume. During an interview for the local PBS program, New Hampshire Crossroads, Hume made a comment about Native Americans possible usage of the site. The groove is a full circle. These are Native American created features. We obtained a dating of 2995 years B.P. It is known that Goodwins crew rebuilt portions of this wall. The pendants and stone shovel like artifacts are a few of the many Native American cultural items unearthed at Mystery Hill. The evaluation of the percussion, pecking, abrading, and fire methods used to quarry and shape stones at the Americas Stonehenge site has proven a valuable tool for analyzing the archaeological features at this site. Both Hume and Stewart-Smith agree the Native Americans quarried stone on Mystery Hill. Figure 14 In the foreground is a pecked groove and basin feature 35 feet away from the summer solstice sunrise standing stone. Stone Slab: 8 5 long x 6 3 wide x 10 thick (average) Height off bedrock 2 6 on west end and 2 11 on east end (As measured to the top of slab) Perimeter Groove: Layout is approximately 4 2 wide x 6 long (overall) Width of the groove varies from 2 to 5 Depth of the groove varies from 1 to 1 ½Short Groove: (Spout) 10 long x 3 wide. The Summer Solstice Sunset alignment stone has a peak with two rounded shoulders. The shovel has matching, pecked shallow side-notching for handholds and the working edge has wear-polish. (Reported in Glynn 1967, 56) During an excavation at the Watch House Chamber, Whittall uncovered, an excellent stone hoe eleven inches long. He was uncertain whether the stone implement was a shovel or hoe. GX-2029) resulted in a radiocarbon C-14 date of 2120 +/- 95 years B.P. (Whittall 1971, 19). The settlers, led by Empresario Haden Edwards, declared independence from Mexican Texas and created the Republic of Fredonia near Nacogdoches. See disclaimer. The rectangular depression has a squared-off end on its east side. His crew would have positioned them vertically one directly over the other creating a flat face rather than having the lower one jut out. This was located 23 inches below ground level in a leached yellow soil profile. It was too difficult to get this close (within an inch or so) and still properly rotate a drill with ones hand around the drill. These patterns are not by coincidence as Stewart-Smith pointed out. Furthermore, pendants in general are associated with ceremonialism in the Native American culture. So we removed all the fine particled humus from beneath this flat table and sifted it. He had this to say: The entire site at Mystery Hill indicates an admirable expertise with stone, from quarrying to building. Native Americans have a long history of exclusion from voting, with the U.S. government depriving them of citizenship until 1924. Stewart-Smith is a Master Stone Mason and has a Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Studies consisting of archaeology, anthropology and history. Neither the basin nor the groove has an exit point. The stone slab has a rectangular shape overall. This feature is the optimum viewing position for observing the sunrise over the lower top corner of the standing stone on the solstice. your own Pins on Pinterest Ancient Sculpture (Goudwards 2003, 60) The stone slab was split using drilled round holes and the plug and feather method of splitting. The peripheral stones are shaped in this manner and several of the roof slabs and uprights within the central site have also been quarried and shaped in this manner. Hinton Jr. & Stewart-Smith and based upon a survey map of Charles Pearson) of the stone walls surrounding the central site, shows that most of the standing stones, upright and fallen, were worked by Native Americans. Insert: Native American stone pendant similar in shape to the standing stone. Dec 28, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Kermit. Nashua, NH: Gamemasters Publishers Assn.Whittall, James II1969 2995 B.P. Any liquid such as water poured into either was contained within the feature. In ancient times, worry stones were polished in nature from being washed up by the ocean or river. Felipe Rose, the Indian Chief back in the day, is not having it. What was the purpose of these three features? Earth Mother - Gives us our home, and lives. The tool marks indicate that slab once projected outward from the wall an unknown distance, was split off, and removed. The white arrow points to a large pointed worked standing stone similar to the one excavated by Dr. David Stewart-Smith. Stones Used in Native American Indian Jewelry "Native American Jewelry is most often associated with blue and green turquoise, but Indian craftsmen have been using stones and shells in bracelets, necklaces, earrings, rings and other hand made jewelry for a very long time. This type of analysis could provide a new scientifically based diagnostic tool for evaluating stone slabs used for chamber roof stones and standing stones found at other controversial stone structure sites throughout northeastern United States. The drain is 15 inches long and the width starts out as ½ inch wide and widens to 3 inches as it connects with the basin. So it is not surprising to see a pendant with a similar shape to another stone on the premises. Figure 8 Close-up showing the pecked perimeter groove on the Grooved Stone. It leans against the Ramps front wall and is shown in a photograph (fig.1) with William Goodwin standing beside the Grooved Stone in his book The Ruins of Great Ireland in New England. In the east side perimeter stone wall there is a standing stone that stands out due to its smooth surfaces. The waterfall drain is not much longer at 15 inches. The working of a great many stones represented a large investment of time and resources. The two slabs still retain this slightly offset position with the lower slab jutting out an inch or so. Figure 10 Crescent shaped groove which was smoothed using the abrading method. google_ad_width = 728;
There is one type of item that predates the existence fidget spinners - it’s called the worry stone. Stone slab with slot: 11 thick x 5 5 long x 4 5 wideHeight to bottom of slab above bedrock: 3 6Slot: 11 high x 8 wide x 2½ deep. A far more detailed study by qualified experts is needed to establish the full extent of how many of the stones used in the structures were quarried using Native American stone working techniques. The short height of the drop off prevents this drain from having a useful utilitarian purpose.