Question: Although I studied economics at an undergraduate level and have spent almost a decade working for financial advisers, I've never understood the idea of target inflation ranges or why some countries are described as 'struggling with low inflation'. This can make a bad economic situation worse. If deflation occurs, people choose to hold on to savings instead of spending it today, since prices will be lower tomorrow – and even lower next week – and even lower in a month, etc. The most significant period of deflation … So why then is a rate of inflation of 10% or higher regarded by experts as a bad thing? Inflation is Not Essentially a Rise in Prices. Inflation is not about general increases in prices as such, but about the increase in the money supply. Is it such a bad thing? Fear of deflation, or falling prices, is scaring central banks in the eurozone and Japan. When there is deflation, a real estate investor’s cash flow falls from say $5,000 to $4,000 and … Ask an Economist. Deflation of the money stock, which as a rule is followed by a general fall in prices, strengthens the producers of wealth, thereby revitalizing the economy. Before we understand why deflation can be good for the economy, we need to understand why it is considered to be bad for the economy. In the twentieth century, periods of deflation have been relatively rare. Deflation is not always bad (contrarian view) Some people may raise an issue with the view that deflation is definitely and categorically bad for real estate investors. Clearly there is a problem with the popular definitions of inflation and deflation. Because of this, it's inverse, deflation… So, why are some of them calling for "aggressive monetization" to avoid the deflation threat in the U.S. and Europe? Is … Like inflation, a little DEflation isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Deflation is the general decline of the price level of goods and services. However, these bad side effects are not caused by deflation but rather by the previous inflation. Presumably, he believes this delay in spending … Obviously, the side effects that accompany deflation are never pleasant. As a rule … Graph showing deflation in the 1920s and 1930s. Leading Keynesian Paul Krugman, in a 2010 New York Times article titled “Why Deflation is Bad,” cited deflation as the cause of falling aggregate demand since “when people expect falling prices, they become less willing to spend, and in particular less willing to borrow.”1. In this article, we will understand what good deflation is and how it affects the overall economy. But often periods of deflation have led to economic stagnation and high unemployment. The Theory about Deflation. Why is deflation bad? These people say that it isn’t always bad and this is why. Deflation is not necessarily bad – especially if it is caused by increased productivity. Deflation is when the general prices levels in a country are falling – as opposed to inflation when prices rise. Why Deflation Is More Harmful than Inflation. With societal memories of stagflation and hyperinflation, inflation is typically seen as a bad thing. But a lot of either is, because they feed on themselves. The circular flow of money concept is at the root of the defamation of deflation. When prices go up and the power of the dollar goes down, the economy is experiencing inflation.