Mountain gorillas are one of the most endangered animals in the world. Oil palm plantation in the gorilla inhabited areas. They are hunted for different purposes. But first you need to know what is an endangered specie and how it is classified as endangered. Furthermore, the conservation status of the subspecies is: Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): Critically Endangered Species. The main threat to gorillas is people and the associated increasing pressure on the gorilla's habitat. There are about 800 of these remaining in the whole world, and 100.000 western gorillas also remain in the world, but their number are decreasing rapidly. As we said above, all four types of gorilla are listed on the endangered species list. Before we can venture into why they are endangered, you need to understand a little more about where they live and their behavior. Protecting Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda. Mountain gorillas have been monitored and studied closely since Dian Fossey began her work with them in 1967, after establishing the Karisoke Research Center. Civil unrest in the area of gorilla habitat is also one of the prime reason for Eastern Gorillas endangerment. The Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Western Gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla) as a “Critically Endangered Species” (CR), and the Eastern Gorilla ( Gorilla beringei) in the list of “Endangered Species” (EN). Spares made for. Habitat Loss. other animals also trap these gorillas and result in death or injury of these Mountain Gorillas. Back in 2007 their population reduced by 2%. Other diseases affecting gorillas are polio, hepatitis A, tuberculosis and intestinal parasites. Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): Critically Endangered Species. Pet trade is also a reason for its endangerment. Learn about Gorillas classification, physical features, species, diet, habitat, reproduction and why they are endagered. Refugees takes shelter in the area where these gorillas are settled. The reclassification of central Africa’s Eastern Gorilla as critically endangered follows a population decline of more than 70% in the last two decades, leaving its population below 5,000. About 73.8% area inhabited by these gorillas is very favorable for oil palm plantation due to rain, temperature and soil. They live in bands of 6-12 gorillas, with the oldest and strongest silverback (male) leading the family. Learn more about these amazing apes and how we can help them. Currently, 17 percent of gorillas live in protected areas, while the rest inhabit forests where they face several dangers. Some primatologists speculate the Bwindi population is While catching the younger ones the elder also get hurt and sometime loss their body parts. Poaching which means illegal hunting and capturing of animals. Poaching which means illegal hunting and capturing of animals. By 2003, one-third of all wild gorillas had died due to this virus. The only known albino gorilla – named Snowflake – was a wild-born western lowland gorilla originally from Equatorial Guinea.Snowflake, a male gorilla, was taken from the wild and brought to the Barcelona Zoo in 1966 at a very young age. Their life was greatly affected by human activities through different ways. Civil wars; Different diseases like Polio, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis and Intestinal parasites. Different diseases like Polio, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis and Intestinal parasites. The silverback is the one who decides where the family will travel each day, when they will eat, and even when and where they wil… Endangered species are the one which are going to be extinct in the future. Gorillas are categorized as endangered species by International Union For Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Mountain Gorilla is a sub specie of Eastern Lowland Gorillas, In 2000 they were categorized as endangered species by the IUCN, According to a survey made by IUCN there are only 880 individual. Where Do mountain Gorillas Live – Mountain Gorilla Habitat, What Do Mountain Gorillas Eat – Mountain Gorillas Diet, Why Are Mountain Gorillas Endangered – Mountain Gorilla Conservation, What Is The Scientific Name For A Gorilla – Gorilla Scientific Name, How Strong Is A Gorilla – Gorilla Strength vs Human. bola virus, malaria and human herpes transferred to them from humans due to increased human interaction is also one of the major cause of their endangerment. The endangered Gorillas are one of the biggest tourism attractions in Africa and East Africa particularly and they are not increasing in number due to several factors, some of which are man-made, others natural hence need to be mitigated in order to conserve and preserve the gorilla treasure and further boost the tourism industry. Gorillas are considered endangereddue to their small population and likelihood of becoming extinct. The Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) as a “Critically Endangered Species” (CR), and the Eastern Gorilla (Gorilla beringei) in the list of “Endangered Species” (EN). Critically endangered is level five, just below 'extinct in the wild.' Refugees, internally displaced people and armed forces get shelter in these forests and affects the life of this specie. Why Are Gorillas Endangered. Mountain gorilla ( G. b. beringei) Eastern lowland or Grauer’s gorilla ( G. b. graueri) All four subspecies are either Endangered or Critically Endangered, threatened by hunting for bushmeat, habitat loss, wildlife trade, and infectious diseases. Since the 1990s, there have been several outbreaks in the area that have decimated populations of gorillas to unimaginable levels. There are two populations: One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in southwest Uganda; Volcanoes, in northwest Rwanda; and Virunga, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. alive which live in two isolated population, one population is in Uganda and the other is in Rwanda . They give birth to just one baby at a time which make it difficult to cover the loss made to its number. 17% of gorillas live in protected areas, while the rest inhabit forests where they face this kind of danger. Ebola virus also played a great role in the decreasing the population of these gorillas. The conservation state of this subspecies is more critical than the Eastern lowland gorilla, due to multiple factors that have contributed to shrinking their population to small numbers: around 680 individuals split into two communities. Until the 1980s, it was almost impossible to access the dense vegetation areas where gorillas live, but after clearing some areas, making some roads and devastating large zones of forests, the access to find gorillas got a lot easier for poachers. Back in 1994 there were 17,000 Eastern lowland gorillas in the wild which reduced to 3800 in 2015. the distance between the two population is 25 miles occupied by humans. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN as of 2018.