American grape vines grow in a willowy downward direction, so keep that in mind when choosing a training system. Vines are an essential plant in any garden. Vines can be grown on pergolas by either twining the main stem around the base or growing the vine straight against the structure.. To cover a wood fence with chocolate vine (Akebia quinata), for example, string wire up and down the fence through eyescrews attached at 6- to 8-inch intervals.Twining vines with moderate growth habits are also good choices for growing on fan-shaped or rectangular trellises with narrow vertical members. After that initial assistance, the vine will be able to twine its way to the top on its own. Vines can break fairly easily if you force them too much, and some are more delicate than others. Make a fan system to help vines climb fences or walls. Whichever method you prefer, guiding vines start at a young age. During its early stages, vines may require assistance to establish a firm grip on a pergola. Attach the vine stems to the support with vine clips early in the season to guide the first few stems up the support. Regularly training vines is easy once you get the hang of it. Note: If your starter vine is shorter than the top of your post, allow the main stem/trunk time to grow to the top of the post, tying it every 8 to 10 inches or so as it grows up the post. When the vine reaches the top of the lamppost, it starts to cascade gracefully down the structure. Using a good-quality compost, fill the container and plant the vine so it ends up at the same level, or just below, the original compost level (for pot-grown vines) or soil mark on the stem (for bare root vines) so that the graft is approximately 2–4” (5–10 cm) above the original ground level. Grape vines need some form of support to keep them off the ground. One or two layers of leaves in any area of the canopy are best for flower bud and fruit development. The right direction. Training vines to climb is relatively easy. Nylon stockings work great for this because they have a lot of give and allow room for the stems to grow and expand. To get around this problem, attach a trellis structure to train clematis vines to grow on a lamp post. But there are a few important things to keep in mind so that you don’t accidentally damage your plants… Never force the vine while training it. These plants work best: Philodendron (Philodendron) Schefflera … Grapes are trained to fill the structure and not become overgrown. The fan system creates a vine with a short trunk and several upright canes. First, it’s important to know that vines come in three types: Twining or Scrambling Vines Vines like morning glories and scarlet runner beans fall into this category. As the your vine grows, continue to cut off any side shoots that emerge from the main stem. In the early stages of growth, use fabric ties to tie the main stems to your arbor or pergola. Chestnut vine (Tetrastigma voinierianum) Grape ivy (Cissus rhombifolia) Plush vine (Mikania ternata) If you plant with moss poles or stakes, you can tie the tendrils of these plants up with wire lightly. Climbing Vine Maintenance Tips. When training a vine on a fence, trellis arch or lattice panel, it is often desirable for the vine to be lush and full from the ground up. To train the vine, grow it up to a low trellis wire about 3 ft (0.91 m) off the ground. When you’re planting a new one, you may need to do a little training to give it a leg up. Training Your Vine To Climb. 1 Cut a piece of diamond lattice to about the same width and height of the lamp post. Then, choose 2 to 4 of the healthiest canes to save as you prune off the others.